Nicolas Borenstein (French citizen, born 1970) was boarded in veterinary medicine in 1995 (MaisonsAlfort, France), completed a residency in small animal surgery in the same school and did an internship in Fort Collins Veterinary Teaching Hospital (Colorado, USA). He then came back to Maisons-Alfort to become a surgery instructor during his military service and completed a Master of Science in Surgical Science with Pr Carpentier in Broussais Hospital. He completed his PhD in 2007 with IMM Recherche,which he joined in 1999 and has become since Scientific and Technical Director of IMMR (new name of IMM Recherche). IMMR is a Contract Research Organization with a strong know-how in large animal cardiovascular research, specialized early R&D studies, Good Laboratory Practice compliant studies, physician training and histopathology of explanted soft and hard tissue. IMMR is a leading European preclinical research facility located in Paris, France.